Education Finance Fact

More than 112 million hours of supplemental instruction was provided to students, but an equivalent of only 84% of this time was fully funded by the state.


There are a variety of ways that school districts receive funding for programs offered outside of the school day (e.g., summer school and after-school programs). California funds a special type of program, commonly referred to supplemental hourly instructional programs, to support supplemental instruction. This funding is provided to school agencies with funding based on the number of hours of support provided to eligible students.

California spends around $375 million each year on such programs. This sounds like a lot of money, but, at the current rate paid to school agencies, this amounts to less than 15 hours per student per year. As the state and federal accountability requirements have increased, so too has demand for supplemental instruction programs. Unfortunately, while demand has grown, reflecting the needs of students, funding has increased to reflect inflation alone. If California were to fully fund the hours of support provided by districts each year, an additional $75 million in funding would be required.

Hourly programs were created by the state to address the need for additional instruction targeted to at-risk students and, on a limited basis, provide opportunities for enrichment. During the past several years, deficits to hourly programs have grown with no end in sight. Together with county office and district leaders, School Services created the Coalition for Hourly Instructional Programs (CHIP) to seek changes in law and funding to put an end to deficits to hourly programs and to help districts effectively manage their hourly programs.

More information can be found at:

Useful Links:
  CDE Hourly Program Information
  CHIP Information
Workshops:
  Building a Better Budget Workshop
SSC Experts:
David Heckler